Department of Nephrology, Gandhi Medical College was started in a single small room by Dr.RajMallaiah on February 23rd 1993 in the premises of Old campus of Gandhi Medical College, Basheerbagh. The Nephrology Team from Osmania Medical College headed by Dr. A. Gopalkishan was present along with Dr.Anuradha Raman and Dr.Sundarmohan Lal. Peritoneal dialysis was started in the small room with help of a team of five dedicated sisters. Hemodialysis was done as per the need to patients with acute renal failure using Kiel dialyser. Under Dr.RajMallaiah headship, the department could serve poor and needy to the best possible extent. He served the department with utmost dedication and commitment till 1995.
In 1995, Prof. Dr. Pradeep Deshpande took over as Head of the Department of Nephrology. He served as Professor and Head for a period of thirteen years. During his tenure, the department had achieved different milestones. The existing department in Musheerabad was started by Prof. Deshpande. With a vision of expansion of the department and the need to meet the upcoming demands, department was given a ample place in the 5th floor of the building with areas marked for wards, Dialysis unit, Transplant Unit and Seminar room. Department in the new premises was started in the year 2003. In the year 2002, DM course was started, which had increased to three in number in the year 2012.In the year 2009, the vision of Government of Telangana to offer free Hemodialysis services to the poor was started. He played a key role in initiation of Maintenance Hemodialysis program at Government hospitals. First Live renal transplantation was done in the year 1999 under his headman ship. He continued to serve the department for six more years after his superannuation.
From June 2016, Department is headed by Dr.Manjusha Yadla. The services of department expanded exponentially with introduction of regular CAPD program conducting OPD on first Monday of every month. Acute Dialysis Care with nine Hemodialysis machines, six of which were donated by Agarwal Sahayata Trust was started with an intention to treat the poor and needy patients with acute kidney injury. This unit delivers about >8000 sessions per year. Deceased donor transplantation program was started in December 2016 which is an ongoing program. New Hemodialysis center was started in the year 2017 with 20 New machines to meet the requirement of maintenance Hemodialysis patients by the Government of Telangana. From the year 2017, under hub and spoke model of delivery of dialysis services, Gandhi Hospital cluster was allotted 12 centers across the state. Faculty from the department regularly visit these spoke centers on monthly basis. A 3 day dialysis training program is also conducted for the interested Spoke center doctors under this model. About six beds were allotted in 65 bedded AMC for Department of Nephrology to meet the demand where in, bedside dialysis services are given to the critically ill patients
All three DM seats were recognized by MCI in the year 2016. From year 2021, DM seats got increased to 4 per year. Department runs OPD on all days including speciality clinics like Glomerular diseases OPD, AKI OPD and CKD OPD on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday respectively. CRRT program started in Department from January 2021. Procedures like Tunneled catheter insertion, Renal biopsy and CAPD soft catheter insertions are done regularly.